作者： 2021-11-05 11:44:12 閱讀量：
北美教學中心 托福口語組 張曦智
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: children should help with housework as soon as they are old enough to do so.
Assigning everyday chores to children can benefit them in many aspects. For one thing, doing housework can teach them life skills, which is an important lesson as they grow up. Parents should let go of their hands and stop being too protective. As things like doing laundry, washing dishes, budgeting are tasks children will need to deal with once they move out. And not all schools provide lessons focusing mainly on these practices. Children taking their own responsibility can also help the family bond together. When children are tasked to clean up messes they create, they can feel these things are not as easy as they seem to be and therefore respect parents’ work and care.
I don’t believe this is necessary. Childhood is precious and parents should cherish and preserve it as long as possible. Children’s main “job” is to play, and there are wonders outside waiting for them to discover. Their endless imagination and creativeness are not destined to be tied with boring and repetitive work. After finishing school assignments, children should go to socialize with friends, read a good book, appreciate art, and explore interests. Who would have had a dream to be a dish washer when they are kids? Even as adults, few of us can enjoy dealing with tedious work like mopping and vacuuming the floor, why forcing our children to complete these tasks when they are still young.
To complete your course requirements, you must register for a science course next semester. Two courses that have different requirements fit into your schedule. In the first course, students are graded on their performance on a few exams given during the semester. In the second course, students are graded entirely on the quality of monthly projects. Would you choose to take the first science course or the second science course？ Explain why.
本題題干較長，但是考查要點還是較為常規，難度正常。題目關系到學習話題，本質還是書本理論和實際操作的優缺點對比，常用理由當中的時間、效率、動手能力等等都可作為解題理由。同時題干較長的題目可以給學生帶來更多思維上的落腳點，如fit into schedule可想到projects占時較多，entirely的表達可用來論證整門課程只有一兩個方面的技能考查還不夠，science學科的特點也可聯想到嚴謹理性以及理論結合實際等展開方向。建議結合TPO41 TASK3進行學習和作答。
I would rather take the first course because I regard these exams as an effective way to check up on my performance and comprehension. Exams are designed to test your knowledge cumulatively instead of skills in only a number of aspects. So students in order to get satisfying results have to sort out a semester’s worth of material and try to build a systematic structure. Exams simply can have wider coverage. And in science courses, details like experiment procedures should be noticed meticulously and conclusion should be objective and rational. Taking exams requires students to calm down and be patient enough as even the tiniest error can lead to huge mistake or even fail.
The second one sounds better. For me, taking tests is far more stressful. You need to sit still and stay silent, being watched by supervisor and surveillance camera. The competitive atmosphere can be so suffocating. I feel more relaxed and confident demonstrating knowledge and proving my understanding methodically in several projects which stretches several months. Furthermore, I believe science is more about practice and application. The combination between theories and hand-on experience is more exciting and hence attracts me more. You get to work with other talented students in the class and feel more involved in a team.
Some people prefer to work on several tasks or projects together at a time. Others prefer to work on only one task or project at a time. Which way of working do you prefer and why? Use specific reasons and examples to support your response.
Dealing with several tasks together at a time works fine for me. I am used to handle the pressure when different tasks are assigned to me and I think this is a critical ability in the modern society. In a large organization, we have cooperation between more than just two departments; our cellphones are getting smarter and optimized to hold programs in the background. Why shouldn’t our powerful brains be more than capable to do the same? As long as you are very clear about your job and can plan everything in a your schedule, you can be more efficient and get to gradually understand the correlation between different tasks.
I believe focusing on just one task at a time suits me better. If I can block out any distractions and dedicate all my energy to the project I am working on, I tend to be able to think deep and comprehensively. We live in a multitasking world in which everything seems designed to be handled in a system instantaneously. Efficiency is very important but in most times it is not the priority. When you can concentrate, you start to notice those details you may otherwise neglect. Trial after trial, you think up creative approaches to make your project even better, and this polished version can only be accomplished when you do not have too much to worry about at a time.
Do which do you prefer: a leader who makes quick decisions without consulting others or a leader who asks for the opinions of other group members before making a decision.
本題要求對團隊合作當中不同類型的領 導者進行論述，可當做人物性格特點類考題，也可將其歸類為工作學習話題中對團隊合作的觀點表達。如果有對領 導者應具備何種品質的話題有過思考，可直接進行理由陳述；如果對領 導者這一抽象概念沒有太多想法，建議結合平時工作學習中小組討論或者團隊項目的經歷進行答題。兩種思路都建議討論leader以及team members之間的各種互動關系，以及產生的主觀體驗。
I think it is acceptable and sometimes even necessary for a leader to be assertive and confident. Various opinions can not always be helpful, as you need to consider too much before making a crucial decision. Members in a team all have different interests and they may try to cast influence on the final choice in favor of themselves in a way. It is the leader’s responsibility to think in a bigger picture and forecast the possible consequences, and he or she can never be irresolute or juggling both. Being too emotional or caring about details may cost you a lot, finally you will even be considered as weak and lacking leadership.
Being a patient listener is one of the excellent qualities a good leader should bear. To my understanding, leadership involves a lot of coordination, negotiation and people skills. If a leader only focuses on doing his or her own part and makes decision for everyone without taking in different ideas, that’s nothing more than a dictator. A leader should let other voices out and make sure they are heard. And being acceptant can really warm up the atmosphere in a team. Team members will feel they can also make a difference in regard of the final result and tend to be loyal and supportive if their appeals have been considered.
Some people prefer to take a vacation in cities, others prefer to spend their vacation in countryside. Which do you prefer? Explain why.
本題討論旅游當中不同目的地的選擇，城市和鄉村的區別在類似的考題中也有考查。如Do you prefer to live in big cities or countryside. 在思考時可以先考慮在旅游的過程當中想要獲得或者說被滿足的需求是什么。旅游的目的是純粹放松，是廣交好友，還是拓寬認知。思考甚至可以更進一步，如拓寬眼界或者想要了解的是哪些內容，是淳樸的風土人情還是歷史遺跡，是文化交融還是名勝景觀，然后再和城市鄉村分別的特點進行對應。
I think when taking a vacation, cities are better destinations. It simply offers more possibilities in many aspects. Especially when you have limited time and a tight schedule, big cities can provide a little bit of everything. It is just like a magnifying glass, the local culture, living style and history are all condensed, waiting for your observation and excitement. Cities may not be able to give you 100% essence of the core value you want to experience, still it is intriguing to see every part of the world blending together in one spot, but with its own exclusive spice for you to taste. Advantages also include countless museums and shows, convenience in transportation. So I believe you should never miss major cities when traveling.
I think countryside generally attracts me more. Cities have their own advantages but normally they are the most population condensed area, which means the noise and the air quality might not be that suitable for tourists who pursue relaxation during holidays. Before having a good taste of local culture, you may find yourself get caught in the crowd. The simple life and picturesque scenery other than the most famous tourists attractions can reveal the true identity of a country. In the contrast, cities are always a little bit alike, because of the international branding and the necessity of accepting differences.