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2021年7月托福口語獨立題考情分析及范文

作者:  2021-11-05 11:38:01  閱讀量:

新航道

北美教學中心 托福口語組 劉思元

2021年7月一共有5場托福考試,涉及話題包含日常學習、工作和生活話題。工作題材譬如考生對于公司商業行為的態度,線上面試或線下面試的偏好,這都是比較常見的高頻話題,需要考生對高頻話題的練習做到熟能生巧。學習類考題中涉及學校政策的態度,學校應該削減運動俱樂部的經費開支還是減少對課外學術俱樂部的投入?這道題在今年的三月份的考試中剛剛出現過,也是我們的老朋友了,所以就非常考驗大家是否對自己練習過的話題在考場上遇到時仍然能做到脫口而出;另一道題問到關于gap year(間隔年)的態度則是五年前的老題,近幾年都沒有出現,這道題目需要考生具有一定的文化知識背景才能答題;還有一道題問到考生是否能接受在存在不良商業行為的公司工作,需要大家對社會上的商業丑聞有些許了解。這也就對大家有了更高的要求,我們在長期英語學習能力提升的過程中,不應拘泥于考題本身,為了考試而學習,而應放眼更廣闊的文化背景,更多了解不同的生活方式,關心時事政治,只有不斷開闊眼界才能給我們源源不斷地靈感。

雖然ETS官方表示不考察內容的深度,但是,相信引用了深入思考和社會現象作為素材的答案也更加引人入勝,讓考官眼前一亮。

堅持練習和積累,量變形成質變,相信大家在備考托福的過程中不僅收獲了語言能力帶來的自信和底氣,也對生活和學習的態度有了更深的思考,對自己有了更深的了解。

 

2021年7月14日

2019.10.12下午場/2021年1月家考版舊題復用

Some companies are controversial and criticized for their business practices. Do you think it is acceptable for people to take jobs at such companies, even if the jobs pay well? Explain why or why not.

 

題目解析:

有些公司的商業行為存在爭議,但是可以付給你不錯的薪資,你是否會接受在這樣的公司工作?這道題解題的關鍵就在于怎么解讀公司的“爭議性行為”,而答題的難點也就在于如何對這樣的商業丑聞進行細節化的描述。常見的可能會收到批判的商業性行為包括manipulating accounting(財務造假),誤導性產品信息 (misleading product information), unfair competition (不良競爭),or anything that damages the environment(危害環境)。以及最近才發生的由于非法收集用戶信息的滴滴下架應用商店這則新聞正好可以幫助我們答題。不接受這樣的工作我們可以說公司越大,越應該承擔一定的社會責任。 這類行徑對公眾利益造成了損害,而且和自己的價值觀不符合,所以即使暫時這個公司仍然有很好的收益,也不愿意違背自己的良心或道德去為其工作。接受這樣的工作我們也可以說明自己的理由,比如:公司的商業行為是公司管理層需要思考的問題,我作為一個小小的打工人,更在乎我自己的收益。

 

范文A:

Given a choice, I will not be accepting the position, as it isn’t the right fit for my long-term career goals. For example, not long ago, a ride-hailing App named Didi has been pulled from app store, because it was illegally collecting users’ personal data without their consent. A corporate scandal can have a dramatic effect on the company’s reputation. And you know what? If the company has a shaky reputation, then chances are you job and position may not last long. Moreover, there are some basic values that you believe in, right? Companies, no matter small or big ones, should be socially responsible. Remember, you will have to spend a major part of your day in the office, and if you don’t feel any positive vibes about the place, then it’s not the right company to work for even if the salary and perks are tempting.

 

范文B:

As for me, I will accept a job with decent salary even if it’s from a controversial company. It’s a no-brainer since money is the bread and butter of our life. After graduation, I have to live a living all on my own, paying for my own wants, I mean vacation, shopping, entertainment or other things that make life more fun, and also save some for rainy fund, you can never save too much because you never know what happens. While as for the controversy, whether ethical or other issues, I think it has nothing to do with me, but has everything to do with my company, it’s what my company should be worried about and adopt measures to handle. Thus, I would like to work in a controversial company for the sake of the high salary.

 

2021年7月11日

Which do you prefer, to do a face-to-face interview or to do a telephone interview?

2018.11.24舊題復用

 

題目解析:這是一道比較經典的科技類關于線上線下的話題。此類話題有出現過很多次,比如線上課和線下課你更喜歡哪種上課方式?小組討論、公司開會是通過線上還是下線的方式進行?線上購物或線下購物?這些題目之間既有不同的細節,又可以總結出一些通用的思路。如果選擇線上,理由包括方便,省時間,不用通勤,以及最近的考試仍然可以使用新冠疫情的語料;如果選擇線下可以說增加自己的表現度,通過近距離的接觸給面試官留下更深刻的印象,以及線上可能存在技術原因導致的交流效率下降等等。

 

范文A:

I prefer to do a phone interview especially when applying for a job in a remote location. I don’t have to spend hours on the road just to complete the hiring process. It's nice to roll out of bed a bit later and not have to worry about the commute. Otherwise it’s really annoying getting up early being stressed and rushed to get to the office, what if I got stuck in traffic? That’ll ruin my mood for the whole day and affect my performance for sure. Another reason why I was very against being interviewed face-to-face, because to go for the interview, you need to try to be presentable. I don't really wanna, you know, put on makeup, do my hair, and put on nice clothes, can I just call?

 

范文B:

Well, I just like better the traditional ways of doing things, like going for an interview in person, as I know whether the work environment and team dynamics will suit my personality and working style. For example, I’d like to know if I need to be at my desk from 9 to 6 or are things more laid-back as long as you get your work done? How much do co-workers socialize? Is the office dog- or cat- friendly? But I wouldn’t be able to ask a laundry list of all those detailed questions on phone. On top of that, in-person interviews often allow more room for me to clarify my answers. Because these conversations go deeper than phone interviews. With phone conversations, there is the risk of being misunderstood, since you cannot use body language or facial cues. During an in-person interview, you can use nonverbal communication to send a powerful message, demonstrate confidence, and really leave a lasting impression.

 

2021年7月10日

2016.12.11 舊題復用:

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?Students should have a one-year vacation before they attend universities.

 

題目解析:這道題是有關學生對“gap year(間隔年)”的看法。這需要考生首先對這個概念有一些了解,也就是通常這一年中學生經常會用來去做一些什么事情?常見的包括 community service(社區服務), internships(實習工作), travel(旅游), backpacking(背包旅行)等等。如果首先確定了這一年學生具體要做的事情,那么接下來的答案就不難展開了。如果不同意的話,則可能的理由包括這一年的費用帶來的經濟負擔,以及如果缺乏清晰的目標和計劃這一年將會渾渾噩噩一無所獲,以及遲一年再上學可能會找不到學習的狀態,甚至和同齡人開始拉開差距等等。

 

范文A:

I’m a big fan of taking a gap year before students enter college. Students can take a break from their studies to travel or gain work experience before moving on to university. I think doing this has become more important than ever. Taking that breather from the stress of senior year can helps them clear their mind. The whole point of gap year is to find your passion. Do the things that you didn’t get to do while you were in the 12 years of school beforehand. Getting some space from parents. Getting some space from everybody’s expectations. Getting into the workforce can also be a good thing. Or maybe you just need some time for self growth. Trying to figure out who you are as a person and what you really want.

 

范文B:

To be honest, it’s something I’ve never thought about. It was a bit of an alien concept to me. I guess it would be far too expensive. From flights to housing to program fees and food, there are a lot of budget considerations to take into account during a gap year. Moreover, choosing a gap year of travel means you’ll probably be starting college a year later than your peer. It’s easy to feel like you’re falling behind. When you started your college study after a year out, you lose the study momentum. Your study skills could suffer if they’re not used for a whole year. Most importantly, even if you’re so craving for traveling around, the Covid-19 pandemic make it a complicated decision. Many international borders remained closed and jobs and internships are harder to come by.

 

2021年7月4日

2018.9.15/2021.3.24舊題復用

The university is now in financial trouble and needs to shut down some clubs. Which of the following clubs do you think your university should shut down?

1. Sports clubs like the skiing club

2. Academic clubs like the math club

 

題目解析:大學如果經費緊張不得不關閉一些學校的俱樂部,你認為應該關閉體育俱樂部還是在學術活動上減少經費投入?這道題目今年三月份已經出現過一次,相信大多數學生都不陌生。選擇減少學術上的課外投入也可能是大多是同學們的選擇,因為學校的學習已經給大家帶來太大的壓力,而體育活動對于學生的身心發展能帶來巨大益處,除了健康上的好處,它也是一種非常好的社交機會和方式,因為你們已經擁有共同的興趣愛好,而友誼往往是建立在此基礎之上。

 

范文A:

I would go for sports club so maybe academic clubs could be shut down. And I believe most student will have the same opinion as me, because we’ve had enough studies in class, why adding more to our schedule after class? Especially when participating sports activities can benefit us a lot. Firstly, people who play sports regularly are naturally fitter and leaner. I myself, for example, I put on some weight recently. Now I am totally out of shape and wanting to get in shape for the summer. Start exercising, doing sports, eat vegetables and no more candy, those are all good approaches to losing weight. In addition, sports clubs and teams contain people from different backgrounds, professions, and ages, but everyone is united by their enthusiasm for the game. It's a great way to meet new people and socialize.

 

2021年7月3日

2014.6.28 舊題復用:

Some people prefer to take a vacation in cities, others prefer to spend their vacation in countryside. Which do you prefer? Explain why.

 

題目解析:這道旅游類的話題看似在問旅游,實際上更像是一個地點類的話題。所以答案里面主要需要涉及大城市和小鄉村的區別。那么如果選擇大城市,理由可以是更多選擇,不論是景點,食物,還是人文,甚至是住宿地點的選擇。如果選擇小鄉村,那么可以說,大城市的弊端包括擁堵的交通,人滿為患的打卡地,千篇一律的水泥建筑,不盡人意的空氣質量,都不能給人非常享受的旅游體驗,而鄉村的寧靜和安逸正是遠離喧囂凈化心靈的好去處。

 

范文A:

To me, I choose to visit major metropolitan cities instead of off the beaten track destination. First and foremost, I love the bustling city vibe. Everything in big cities seem to be vibrant and dynamic, markets of every kind can usually be found in every bigger city. Big cities attract people from all walks of life, and it can be interesting to just sit and watch people walking by from the French window of a Starbucks over a cup of coffee, you can always find people from different countries chatting with each other. Besides, if you are interested in art and history, from museums to iconic buildings, and galleries, cities often have a lot to offer. What’s more, the big cities usually offer a great variety of nightlife. Bars, restaurants and clubs and so much more. All in all, I prefer urban cities to rural towns.

 

范文B:

In my opinion, countryside is a better holiday destination even though dining and partying options might be restricted to a very few or none. But we all spend our lives almost entirely in cities, city breaks are literally like a home-away-from-home. And the tourist attractions are rushed and crowded, so I’d love to holiday in quiet, picturesque places to escape the hustle and bustle of cities. From my personal experience, I can say how positive and happy nature can help you feel. I often go backpacking in mountain areas, because the scenery is spectacular on the mountain, you can always hear clear sounds of birds fling in the forest. While watching the brook flow slowly towards the far distance, you can also take a breath of fresh air which can deprive you of all your negativity and calm your senses. The relaxed holiday will let you go back refreshed and rejuvenated.


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