作者： 2021-11-05 11:51:47 閱讀量：
對于這些反復考察且難度平穩的話題，考生們需要檢查自己在備考時是否踏實地做到以下幾點任務：1. 勤做歷年獨立題真題。2. 按照分類，歸納話題常用思路及例子。3. 自己練習過的題目和積累過的語料，是否真的記住了。
Some people prefer a job dealing with different tasks, while others prefer a job dealing with tasks following the routine and predictable. Which do you prefer? Explain why.
這道考題屬于工作選擇類話題，這類話題是備考時一定要練習掌握的。與2019年10月19日的考題類似，都是對兩種不同的工作方式進行提問。審題時需要能快速提煉出兩種方式的本質區別，并以此來確定自己立場中的關鍵詞和與之相關聯的例子。如：第 一種工作可以是更注重“創造性”的，由此我們能聯想到相關的職業，如：藝術、音樂、創業。而第二種工作可以是更注重“流程性”的，與之相關的職業包括醫療、會計等。對于這類話題的練習，有兩點建議：1. 學會使用對比的邏輯。首先肯定所選選項的優勢，再指出另一選項存在的缺點和弊端。2. 能提前準備1-2個具體的職業來對自己的立場進行展開。
I would go for a job working different tasks, because personally I sail well in flows of change. When learning how to handle and accomplish various tasks, I would need to step out of my comfort zone and adapt into new mentalities and work mechanisms. On top of that, it is also a great chance to go beyond my limit and cultivate new abilities, which I consider to be the most exciting part at work. If my tasks are always set and monotonous, soon or later, I would lose vitality. Although following routines and procedures can be easier, it can slowly kill my creativity in the long run.
Personally, I prefer working in a job following certain routines. First of all, I think routines are nothing static but active rigorousness. Workers of such position are required to have attentiveness, high sense of responsibility, and patience. For example, when a nurse comes in for her shift, she must strictly follow a series of medical procedures, including patrolling the ward, measuring each patience’s vital signs, distributing the right drugs, and giving fluids. She must know exactly what she is doing, because any loopholes occurring in between these routines is a matter of life or death. We can see right there just how much value lies in routines. Therefore, I believe this kind of job must carry out a great sense of achievement.
If someone donates a piece of land to your community, should it be used to construct a playground for children or a garden to grow plant and flowers? Explain why.
這道考題屬于環境類話題，一個常規的老話題，而且上個月(4月21日)也剛剛考察過類似的題目。本題中兩個選項都與生活息息相關。看到第 一個選項里的關鍵字“孩子”，可快速與教育類話題聯系起來，談談室外活動對小孩生活和成長的必要性與重要性。第二個選項中的關鍵詞“花園”，不僅能美化居住環境，也能綠化環境 (包括凈化空氣，吸收廢氣排放)，還能為人們帶去一個休閑放松的空間。比較同話題里的考題，不難發現第二個與環保相關的選項經常出現，所以需要考生在備考時不僅要積累相關語料，更重要的是要能做到熟練輸出。
I would love for it to be a playground for children. Just look around for what has left to play for our children nowadays. Besides the playground at kindergartens or one or two parks, there is not much public facilities built up for children and that is sad. It definitely is a lack of city planning which results from the neglect of the needs for children’ development. Kids used to clamor for slides, swings, and seesaws. Now more and more of them just sit tight with electronic devices at home. Not only it takes away their physical activities but also does serious harm to their health. Therefore, I strongly advocate for constructing a space for children to run around and get sweaty instead of being pre-matured into mobile addicts.
I would love for it to be a garden. First of all, a well-designed green space presents great aesthetic value. Who does not appreciate looking at flowers and plants and feeling at peace. So we should definitely let nature work its magic and save us from having to stare at screens all day at work. Whenever you feel stressed, a walk at the garden will surely lift your spirit and refresh your mind. What’s more, there will never be too much green space due to the concerned amount of air pollution in cities. Exhaust gas coming from car emissions and factories can be reduced by plants. Therefore, we should take advantage of this land in order to make a better city-nature balance.
Some people enjoy traveling to new places, while others feel that traveling to new places is very stressful and prefer to travel to the same places or not to travel. What is your opinion? Explain why.
這道考題屬于旅游類話題，也是一個常規且考察頻率高的話題。此類話題不難，但是需要考生在回答時能夠組織足夠的細節和例子去支撐自己的立場。這道題可能大部分考生都會選第 一個選項，去沒去過的地方旅游也更符合大多數人的旅游初衷。常用思路如：了解不同的地域特色和城市文化。選擇第二個選項時，可以對關鍵詞“stressful”進行展開，去一個新地方旅游會帶來哪些stress呢？比如陌生的路線、不合胃口的食物、無法適應的氣候等。同時，選項里也涉及到“not to travel”，所以如果對旅行沒有興趣，也可以給出自己的一番解釋。
I am always up for seeing new places. Traveling has always been one of my great passions, and it never fails to inject new impetus into my life. Each every city or country that I have visited has its own personality, enchanting scenery and distinctive culture. Every traveling experience is like a branch of river flowing into the mainstream of water, as reflections of the mind shaping the course of the heart. Isn’t that a gem of life! I myself have been up to almost 20 countries, and I can’t begin to recall on just how much I have learned and grown out of that. And I know that list is surely not gonna end.
Personally speaking, I feel that traveling to new places can be stressful. Especially when you tour foreign cities, it always takes a lot of work to make travel plans. Being in a total strange environment, encountering all kinds of unexpectations is never a strange thing. It is easy to get onto wrong direction of road or going to “trendy” restaurants yet filling up with disappointments at the end. Sometimes even making travel plans does not help to avoid any of these. Therefore, things would be much at ease when I revisit the places I am familiar with, which saves the trouble and time. What’s more, places of my favorites are also just worth exploring in deeper aspects.
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is important to learn the history of the city you live in. Explain why.
這道考題屬于歷史類話題，是備考時一定不能錯過的。考生必須積累學習歷史的重要性及意義，可以從個人、城市、及文化交流的角度分別進行思考。同時，建議大家審題時也要學會扣細節。比如：“the city you live in” 可以是故鄉，也可以是自己讀書或工作暫住的地方；可以指國內，也可以指國外。將這樣的細節展開后，我們的答案也能變的更豐富了。本題不建議答反對立場，因為歷史類話題都能用類似的思路和語料進行回答。
I think learning history should be attached with great importance. Not only it has personal significance but also carries communal value. First of all, learning the history of a city is just like getting to know a friend. The more you hear his or her past experience, the closer you would be with the person. Knowing a city takes you through major events like wars or revolutions, geographical shifts, regional personality and characteristics, and transitions of culture. All these learning will water your sense of belonging and attachment to the place. On top of that, as cultural and people exchanges nowadays have gotten closer than ever, informing yourself with objective historical knowledge is critical. We can never fairly examine relevant issues or conflicts without looking into the history behind, so I believe that history is often a means of eliminating cultural biases especially in cross-cultural communications.