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《希望養成的習慣》看似簡單又不知道如何拓展的新題

作者:  2021-10-28 11:12:24  閱讀量:

新航道

好久不見呀,感覺我這個鴿王每篇推送的最開始都是再說“抱歉,又讓你們等了這么久。” 鑒于上周六收到粉絲在視頻號里給我的私信,我覺得還是有必要擠擠時間來給你們講解講解的。

那么今天就先來滿足這個同學的需求,我們來聊一聊—《希望養成的習慣》。其實我一直覺得這道題難度一般,所以原本這篇話題不在我的講解列表里,但昨晚和考官聊到,她說“雖說這道題不是很難,但越是生活的東西,其實在細節拓展上還是挺有難度的”。也正是如此,我覺得還是很有必要來幫大家來羅列下觀點。

Describe a habit your friend has and you want to develop

You should say:

? Who your friend is

? What habit he/she has

? When you noticed the habit

? And explain why you want to develop this habit

面對這個話題,我們要把核心放在“Habit”上,而不要把“friend”看的過重。“your friend has”只是定語部分,所以它不是最主要的影響因素。換句話說,只要你確定一個“Habit”,它就可以是你任何一個朋友擁有的一個習慣。

既然“Habit”是核心關鍵詞,我們就需要來拆分它,從而明確可講范圍。

“習慣”實則保羅萬象,如果你想給它拆分成具體的兩塊內容的話,我會把它分為“生活”和“工作/學習”。

這個拆分方式也符合很多話題關鍵詞的拆分原則,比如:argument/ promise/ advice等。

What kind of arguments are there in a family?

有很多爭論,和生活相關的, 比如...;和工作學習相關的..., 比如...

What kind of promises do people make often?

有很多承諾,和生活相關的, 比如...;和工作學習相關的..., 比如...

What kind of advice do people give to others?

有很多建議,和生活相關的, 比如...;和工作學習相關的..., 比如...

現在回到“Habit”本身,所以我們從“生活”和“工作/學習”來分別尋找可以有的一些習慣。

? 和生活相關的

飲食習慣:每天吃早飯、一日三餐規律飲食、過午不食、每天喝茶、睡前喝牛奶等;

睡眠習慣:午睡、早睡早起、睡眠8小時等;

運動習慣:每天運動一小時、運動后拉升、運動前充分的暖身運動、睡前冥想、運動前吃一根香蕉等;

其他:每周打掃一次衛生、房間擺放整齊、每天只玩1小時手機、手機靜音、每個月度假一次等。

? 和工作/學習相關的

作計劃/ 每日只工作5小時/ 每學習一小時休息10分鐘/ 寫日記/ 每天練習一小時口語等。

從以上來看,我們能選擇的“Habit”是非常多樣化的,無非就是一個人習慣性去做的事情就是“Habit”。就我個人而言,我的其中一個“Habit”就是“不看朋友圈”。

明確了Habit的范圍,我們將開啟整道題的分析。

Who your friend is

在這道題里,小問的拓展略顯局限。很多同學會不知道究竟該增加哪些和人相關的內容,既符合主題又能增加字數。有這么兩個角度是我會建議的:

? How you know about the person 你怎么知道這個人的

這個維度經常會以問題的形式出現在Part 2話題里,但它本身也是一個角度。為此,當我們提到一個人的時候也可以附帶上你和他的認識方式。

基于該維度對應的答題框架為【認知過程-目前結果】,所以我們可以說明:認識他的方式,對他的印象以及你們目前的關系。

為了更摳題,你對他的印象需要說明一些和愛好相關的信息,比如:他是一個自律的人。

Example :

If it is possible, I really want to develop a habit that my friend, Lucy has. Actually, we have been friends for over 10 years, since high school. She is a very self-disciplined person, so my mum also encourages me to spend more time with her. Because of this, even though we study in different cities, we still keep in touch online.

? Popularity 受歡迎程度

這個維度也不失為一個且適合的維度,放在絕大多數的part 2話題里都是沒有問題的。在闡述“Popularity”時,我們需要說明“為什么受歡迎”以及“怎樣的受歡迎”。往往一個擁有好習慣的人都會受到很多人的喜歡。

Example :

Actually, I want to develop a habit that my friend, Tom has. Tom is my best friend in high school and he is also popular among students and teachers, as he is self-disciplined. Because of this good trait, he is also a very good student who always passes exams with flying colors 高分. 

What habit he/she has

這道題的核心拓展點在于當你提出這個“habit”之后,后續的拓展情況。我會把“habit”當成一個動作,為此,一個動作就需要匹配“when/where/ why/ who/what/how often/ how much”這樣的維度。

所以,這個人究竟有怎樣的習慣不是很重要,但重點在于每個習慣后,你需要再給出充分的細節。比如:他的習慣是每天早起吃早飯。他往往會幾點起床,去哪家店吃早飯,早飯吃什么,有的時候也會和誰一起吃等。

Example one:

She has so many good habits, but the most impressive one is getting up early. She always gets up at the crack of dawn 早起. After having a short breakfast, she starts reading and then does some meditation 冥想. She always goes to school with a fresh mind.  

Example two:

He has a bunch of good habits which are worth learning. The most impressive one is making a to-do list when a new day starts. He self-designed a to-do list notebook and divided each page into several columns 欄 with “to do”, “doing” and “done”. He fills in each column carefully and then checks each item off at the end of the day.

When you noticed it

“你什么時候注意到的?”這個問題也就相當于“How you know about it”, 這就可以和我們小問拓展里的解題框架一致—【認知過程-目前結果】。

? 最開始是怎么知道的,你自己發現的,還是他跟你說的;

? 你了解到了哪些,比如:他堅持這種習慣多久了?受誰的影響?為什么會堅持這種習慣的原因?

? 最終你也就想要擁有這個習慣。

Example one:

Actually, I didn’t know about her habit until we had a conversation many years ago about her morning routine. She told me how she organizes her time. I was completely shocked that she had managed to maintain this schedule for such a long time. 

She also told me that she was greatly influenced by her late grandfather who got up even earlier than her. He kept telling her how ' the early bird always catches the worm' 早起的鳥兒有蟲吃. She decided that she wanted to do the same. I was really impressed and also wanted to try it myself.

Example two:

The first time I realized that he had this habit was when I sitting next to him in school. I accidentally saw him making his list and it really triggered my curiosity 引起好奇心. 

Then he told me that he had learned it from a blogger online and he thought it was very effective, so he gave it a try. He has had this habit for almost 10 years. I was really intrigued and also wanted to have a try.

Why you want to develop this habit

至于你為什么想要養成這樣的習慣,我們就只需要聊一聊這種習慣帶來的好處即可。注意,最后一問的拓展格式為:Point-explain/example。當你提出一個論據后需要進一步的解釋或者舉例。

Example :

Even though getting up early sounds like torture 折磨 to me, I still want to develop this habit, as my friend has shown me that there are many benefits. She told me that it would help make the days feel much longer, and in turn more productive 高效的, giving me a great sense of achievement. 

More importantly, getting up early would also help me change my lifestyle. I would go from a night owl 夜貓子 to an early bird 早起的人. Lucy usually goes to bed at around 10 or even earlier. Because of this, she is always energetic during the daytime.

Example :

I The reason why I want to develop this habit is that I think it will help me to procrastinate 拖延 less. To be honest, I always put things off 拖延 till the last minute. Because of this, I feel anxious all the time when deadlines are looming 逼近. 

But making a list will help make my days much more organized, like my friend. He has a clear goal of what he should do in a day and then he also receives a great sense of accomplishment when he ticks them off 用記號勾出 one by one. Because of this, he is always motivated and driven.  

看完四小問的拆分,你有想好自己要說啥了不?

參考答案:【希望養成的習慣】

? Who your friend is

If it is possible, I really want to develop a habit that my friend, Lucy has. Actually, we have been friends for over 10 years, since high school. She is a very self-disciplined person, so my mum also encourages me to spend more time with her. Because of this, even though we study in different cities, we still keep in touch online.

? What habit he/she has

She has so many good habits, but the most impressive one is getting up early. She always gets up at the crack of dawn. After having a short breakfast, she starts reading and then does some meditation. She always goes to school with a fresh mind.  

? When you noticed it

Actually, I didn’t know about her habit until we had a conversation many years ago about her morning routine. She told me how she organizes her time. I was completely shocked that she had managed to maintain this schedule for such a long time. . 

She also told me that she was greatly influenced by her late grandfather who got up even earlier than her. He kept telling her how ' the early bird always catches the worm'. She decided that she wanted to do the same. I was really impressed and also wanted to try it myself.

?And explain why you want to develop this habit

Even though getting up early sounds like torture to me, I still want to develop this habit, as my friend has shown me that there are many benefits. She told me that it would help make the days feel much longer, and in turn more productive, giving me a great sense of achievement. 

More importantly, getting up early would also help me change my lifestyle. I would go from a night owl to an early bird. Lucy usually goes to bed at around 10 or even earlier. Because of this, she is always energetic during the daytime.


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