Write a response in which you discuss one or more alternative explanations that could rival the proposed explanation and explain how your explanation(s) can plausibly account for the facts presented in the argument.
It is dubious that the fact that blah blah blah is attributed to the author’s explanation that blah blah blah. Instead, there are alternative explanations that rival the author’s explanation and can also plausibly account for the fact.
that blah blah blah 的部分根據給到的passage的具體內容來寫。
In light of the above, the author’s explanation is challenged. The multiple alternative explanations discussed can also account for the fact.
Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.
It is a dubious argument that blah blah blah since there are multiple questionable assumptions in the line of reasoning leading to the argument.
At this point, the many assumptions in the line of reasoning have all proved unwarranted. As a result, the argument is untenable.
Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.
The argument is that blah blah blah. However, the lack of evidence in the line of reasoning is apparent, and that renders the argument full of loopholes.
In light of the above, the evidence discussed above is critical to the soundness of the argument.
Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the prediction and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the prediction.
The prediction/recommendation/conclusion is based on the argument that blah blah blah. However, neither of the argument nor the prediction/recommendation/conclusion as its result is reasonable unless the following questions are answered.
In light of the above, those questions decide whether the prediction/recommendation/conclusion and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Further, the answers are critical information in the evaluation of the prediction/recommendation/conclusion.